- The Besom
Besoms of old were made of willow binding, birch twigs, and ash staff, though any natural material can be used today.
- The Wand
Wands are traditionaly made from willow, elder, oak, apple, peach, hazel, cherry etc, though other material including crystals can be used to great effect. Any wand can be infused with energy and power.
It is often placed before the images of deity on an altar and is considered the element of Air to most Witches.
Ideally cauldrons should be made of iron, resting on three legs.
- Crystal Sphere
In ritual it is sometimes placed on the altar to represent the Goddess, because of its roundness and its colder temperatures similiar to the sea. The domain of the Goddess. It can also be used to store energy raised in ritual. Moonlight and rubbing the crystal with fresh mugwort can increase its powers.
It can hold either water or the ritual beverage. Can be made either of silver, brass, gold, earthenware, soapstone, alabaster, crystal and other materials.
It is an instrument of protection and a tool used to evoke spirits. It is also used to consecrate objects upon. It is sometimes hung above windows and doors because of its protective qualities.
- The Book Of Shadows
It should not be seen as the Holy word, as a Book of Shadow is designed for change by the Witch using it.
It is sometimes hung in cupboards or doors for protection. It can also be used to mark various sections of rituals and to signal a spells beginning or end.